Uganda, located in the Eastern part of Africa, is a landlocked country bordered, to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the south-west by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania.
The southern part of the country includes a substantial portion of Lake Victoria that the country shares with Kenya and Tanzania. Uganda lies in the Great Lakes region and the Nile basin of Africa. The country is located on the East African Plateau, lying mostly between latitudes 4°N and 2°S (a small area is north of 4°), and longitudes 29° and 35°E. It averages about 1,100 metres (3,609 ft) above sea level, sloping very steadily downwards to the Sudanese Plain to the north. The country gained her independence on the 9th day of October, 1962 from British colonial rule under which she had been placed as a “Protectorate” in 1894. The country’s official languages are English and Swahilli, with other local languages such as Luganda (a central language and widely spoken across the country), Runyoro, Runyankole, Rukiga, Luo and Lusoga also widely used as media of communication across the country.Uganda boasts of ideal weather conditions, ranging from the warmth of the lowland areas to the coolness of the highlands in the South West Kigezi.
For most of the year, Uganda is sunny with temperatures rarely rising above 29oC. The country’s average temperature is about 26oC, with a maximum of 18-31oC and minimum of 15-23oC depending on the part of the country. The country receives torrential rains in the months between March-May, plus a Light rain season of November and December. Wet seasons are March–May and October-November, with dry seasons in December to February and June to August. Rainfall ranges between 500mm to 2500 mm and the relative humidity of 70 – 100%. This rainfall regime allows two planting and harvesting seasons a year in most parts of the country, without the use of irrigation. About 34% of the country is covered in wetlands with a dense network of rivers, lakes and swamps. Generally, the country is endowed with fertile soils. The country is also source of some of the largest lakes on the continent including Lake Albert and Lake Victoria.
With her natural endowment, the country is ranked the number one destination for tourists, a fact that makes Uganda the Pearl of Africa. The country’s array of attractions include the rich fauna and flora, Rivers, Lakes, the misty mountains, favorable natural climate, hospitable and caring people and cultural diversity.Amongst the intricacies that make Uganda a must go destination is the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest / National Park that is arguably the most biologically diverse area on earth, with half of only surviving population of endangered mountain gorillas in the world, and other National Parks, such as Queen Elizabeth, Lake Mburo, Murchison Falls, Kidepo National Park, among others, all of which are home to enormous species of Mammals and Birds.